Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that affects a person's ability to:

  • Spell and read fluently
  • Use language skills
  • Find words quickly to express what they want to say
  • Use their short term working memory such as remembering names and dates accurately and remembering events in the right order

They may also have problems with the sounds of language particularly during childhood. 

Young people with dyslexia can appear to be very disorganised and may have trouble expressing themselves clearly, when speaking and when writing. Dyslexia may be found alongside other kinds of learning difficulties.